A minor is an elective course that you can take next to your specialisation. A minor offers either a deepening or broadening of your specialisation, and consists of 30 credits (ECTS) or several modules adding up to 30 credits.

It is possible to choose minors from other study programmes. For students already enrolled at another University of Applied Sciences in the Netherlands a complete overview of the minors offered at VHL University of Applied Sciences (VHL) is available at www.kiesopmaat.nl. Exchange students can find more information below and free movers can send an e-mail to info-international@hvhl.com

Minor programmes 2021-2022

We offer the following minors at our two locations. The numbers behind the minor refer to the terms in which the course is offered.

Minors in Leeuwarden

Agribusiness and Business Administration
International Business and Natural Resources 3-4

Animal Management
Wildlife Management 1-2
International Wildlife Management 3-4

Forensic Taphonomy 3-4
Food Forensics and Toxicology 3-4

Biotechnology / Biology and Medical Laboratory Research
Bioengineering and –omics 3-4

Chemistry, Chemical Engineering , Environmental Sciences
Water Technology 1-2

Coastal and Marine Management
Sustainable Island Management 1-2 
Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture 3-4

Environmental sciences
Environmental Sciences Climate and Energy semester 1 1-2 
Environmental Sciences and Watertechnology semester 2 3-4

Food Technology
Dairy 3-4

Minors in Velp

Agribusiness and Business Administration
International Business and Trade 1-2
Sustainable Entrepreneurship 3-4

Animal Husbandry
Equine Sports and Business 1-2
International Applied Animal Science 1-2
Innovation and Problemsolving Animal Husbandry 3-4
Innovation tools in Equine Sports and Business  3-4

Food Technology
Food Innovation Management 1-2

Forestry and Nature Management
International Timber Trade 1-2
Tropical Forestry 3-4
Tropical Forestry II 1-2

Garden and Landscape Architecture
Landscape Architecture 1-2

International Development Management
Multi Stakeholder Processes for Innovative Rural Development 1-2
Disaster Risk Management 1-2
Practical Change for a Sustainable Food Future 1-2

Modular ECTS system

At VHL, the modules of an educational programme are normally offered in packages of 7 credits (ECTS). For each module you can earn either 0 or 7 credits. A very important detail of this system is that you cannot earn separate credits for specific parts of a module. This means you cannot just do one of the three learning tasks from a module and earn 4 credits with it, for example. With this system, you are encouraged to follow entire modules or even entire minors. It is not recommended to combine modules from different educational programmes.

Example: A module might consist of three learning tasks:
a) Exam, weighing 4 out of 7 credits (4ECTS)
b) Group assignment, weighing 2 out of 7 credits (2 ECTS)
c) Individual presentation, weighing 1 out of 7 credits (1 ECTS)
In this case, all three learning tasks have to be completed with a grade ≥ 5,5 (= pass) to earn your 7 credits for the module. If a student does not pass the exam, but passes the group assignment and presentation, the student earns 0 credits (instead of 3). This means it is an ‘all or nothing’ system.
If you follow a minor, consisting out of 30 ECTS or several modules adding up to 30 ECTS, it means you have to complete all learning tasks successfully to earn your 30 credits.If you fail one of the learning tasks, it will directly lead to 0 credits.

Take home message: always check with your lecturers how many learning tasks are in each module, and be sure to complete each learning task successfully (≥ 5,5)!